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Art Deco —
revolutionary trend

xavier

 

Van der Rohe skyscraper project, Germany 1921. Image: © 2008 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn
Van der Rohe skyscraper project, Germany 1921.
Image: © 2008 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn

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Tour de France 2021

New translation, the Magna Carta

architectural and design trends
Ludwig Mies van der Rohe
end notes
related documents  

architectural and design trends

The Art Deco movement can be regarded as having two main currents that showed particularly in architecture: the sybaritic trend with its all-enveloping, opulent decoration, and the much more austere, revolutionary trend - but both with a common theme of total design.

revolutionary trend
simple symmetrical design with little ornamentation.
Also described as
• classical moderne (during 1930s and 1940s)
• streamline moderne
Revolutionary trend architects included
Walter Gropius - founder, Bauhaus
Ludwig Mies van der Rohe
Le Corbusier
Frank Lloyd Wright

Buildings of note include

The Midland Hotel, Morecombe Bay, England
The Midland Hotel, Morecombe Bay, England

This hotel, when restored to its original state, was used for Double Sin, in 1990 [Series 2], in the television series dramatising Hercule Poirot stories by Agatha Christie and starring David Suchet. Much of the Poirot series uses a wide variety of Art Deco buildings and contents in the UK.

The Midland Hotel - LMS advertising. Image: © NRM / Science and Society Picture Library

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Miami Beach, Florida is known as the one of the greatest collections of Art Deco buildings in the world.

Hotel Lord Balfour, Miami Beach Florda

Ludwig Mies van der Rohe

Originally from Germany, van der Rohe moved to the United States of America in 1937 when Germany came under the Nazi regime.

Always an architect of minimalist design, Miles van der Rohe is well-remembered for the phrase that encapsulates his design premise - “Less is more”.

He often used a steel frame with glass and brick, or polished stone to create buildings of great internal space that appear to float in their environment.

German Pavilion, Barcelona. Designed by Ludwig Mies van der Rohe
German Pavilion, Barcelona, Spain, by Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, 1929
(demolished in 1930 and rebuilt in 1959)

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Weissenhof apartment building, Stuttgart, Germany 1927

Farnsworth Residence, Plano, Illinois, by day and by night.
Farnsworth Residence, Plano, Illinois, by day and by night (1946 - 1950)

In contrast to the sumptuous Rockfeller Centre in New York, Raymond Hood also headed the architects for the RCA Building, later renamed the GE Building.

GE (RCA) Building, part of the Rockefeller Center. Image: David Shankbone
GE (RCA) Building, part of the Rockefeller Center. Image: David Shankbone

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The other main architectural trend of Art Deco is Art deco - sybaritic trend. Art deco in France looks at the effect of this coherent style in France, particularly in the South West.

end notes

1. A Sybarite was a native of Sybaris, in ancient Greece, whose inhabitants were notorious for their love of luxury and luxurious living.
2. Double sin by Agatha Cristie, featuring Hercule Poirot

Agatha Christie’s Poirot: Collector’s Set Volume 2 (1990)

Acorn Media, 2012, remasterd inc. HD
ASIN: B005X5XI4C
Region 1 DVD - 3 discs
$28.01 [amazon.com]
21.10[amazon.co.uk]

Peril at End House (2-hour episode)/ The Veiled Lady/The Lost Mine/The Cornish Mystery/The Disappearance of Mr. Davenheim/Double Sin/The Adventure of the Cheap Flat/The Kidnapped Prime Minister/The Adventure of the Western Star

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Agatha Christie's Hercule Poirot: series 2 - 3 disc DVD Box set

ASIN: 9051594550
Region 2 DVD
amazon.co.uk

2.1 Peril at End House .(Double episode) 2.2 The Veiled Lady 2.3 The Lost Mine 2.4 The Cornish Mystery 2.5 The Disappearance of Mr. Davenheim 2.6 Double Sin 2.7 The Adventure of the Cheap Flat 2.8 The Kidnapped Prime Minister 2.9 The Adventure of the Western Star

Double sin by Agatha Cristie, featuring Hercule Poirot

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