oil 1 1
1-1 1-2 1-3 1-4 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 III-2004: 03 06
GM, the largest car producer on the planet
The report is wishy-washy and very short on overall numbers.
Link source: Gareth C
the web address for this article is
Figures for oil, gas, coal, nuclear, hydro provided. The report provides tables of reserves over extraction rates for a large number of oil- (and other power resource-) producing countries. It also gives details of the patterns of world consumption. Some of the figures have been tabulated here at abelard.org.
Note that proven reserves run at about 1 trillion barrels (1 barrel = approx 35 gallons; a gallon varies in amount between the USA and Britain). It is useful to note that the figure was also a billion barrels 10 years ago! (For more detail, read the third item below.)
Currently, oil is being extracted at the rate of about 75 million barrels
per day, or approximately 27 billion barrels a year. Current reserves
are approximately 1 trillion barrels and, therefore, represent something
like 35 40 years of current production.
from item 1:
For much information on ‘unconventional’ oil - tar sands and shale oil - see the briefing document, Tar sands and oil shale.
In Brazil, for example, petrol contains 28% plant ethanol.
item 2: Getting
over oil is a neat thoughtful general write-up, with
some history. Note particularly,
item 3: The
Imminent Peak of World Oil Production
item 4: Renewable
or sustainable energy
why the west is not nearly as vulnerable to the power of the middle eastern oil cartel as is widely reported.
also keep in mind that they have to sell their oil to someone, as their economies are highly dependant upon oil revenues.
The West is in a far better and stronger position to enforce democracy in the Middle East that most propaganda would have you believe.
article in four parts:
article extract: Oil is becoming more abundant but relatively less important. For each dollar of GDP, the United States used 49 percent less oil in 2000 than it did in 1975. Compared with 1975, the amount that energy efficiency now saves each year is more than five times the country's annual domestic oil production, twelve times its imports from the Persian Gulf, and twice its total oil imports. And the efficiency resource is far from tapped out; instead, it is constantly expanding. It is already far larger and cheaper than anyone had dared imagine.
authors: Amory B. Lovins, a physicist, and L. Hunter Lovins, a lawyer and political scientist, founded and lead Rocky Mountain Institute, a market-oriented, nonpartisan, nonprofit applied-research center in Snowmass, Colorado. They are long-time consultants to major oil companies and have advised the Department of Defense on energy security.
commentary by abelard
These two (father and son, if I remember) are long-term, knowledgeable, environmentally concerned campaigners. They tend to be independent-minded.
The Lovins site can be found here.
Remember Bush and co. are in hock to the oil industry. Remember, government interference does not just refer to the welfare state, but also to subsidies - often called corporate welfare.
email abelard at abelard.org
© abelard, 2002, 31 december
the address for this document is http://www.abelard.org/news/archive-oil1-1.htm